Zakład Anatomii Prawidłowej


OSTEOLOGY 2023_24  - Examples of structures to be recognized - PINS


The OSTEOLOGY RETAKE test (oral) for MEDICAL FACULTY will be performed on Monday (20th November) according to the following schedule in Table 5 in the Dissecting Room.

12.30 -14.15 

Groups 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 5A, 6A (22 students)

16.45 – 17.15

Groups 3A, 3B (6 students)

17.45 -18.45

Groups 4A, 4B (11 students)


Regular classes for group 3A start at 17.15, for group 1A at 18.45

 The prescribed test hours should be adhered to to avoid excessive student congestion. Students take the test in pairs. Students wait for the test in the vestibule of the dissecting room, taking seats near the cabinets with anatomical models. Due to the limited time of the test, the students themselves agree on the order of taking them, avoiding taking unnecessary breaks.

To pass the test, the student must provide a basic answer to each of the three questions asked (BONES, JOINTS, SKULL). Failure to answer any of the questions correctly results in the test being aborted and a failing grade

Marek Syrycki  Professor MWU

Subject Coordinator







The lectures on anatomy are held on Mondays 1.45 ÷ 2.30 PM
in the e-learning mode.

The first lecture will be given on Monday the 3rd  of October

The class Anatomy held
in the Dissection Room (Prosektorium) of Collegium Anatomicum according to the plan below:

on Monday
3.45- 5.30 pm groups, CN1, CN2, CN7, CN8

5.45- 7.30 pm group   CN3, CN4, CN6

on Tuesday
7.45- 9.30 am group CN9

10.45 -12.30 am group CN5

5.15 pm -7.00 pm group CN10

on Wednesday

3.00-4.30 pm group CN2

4.40- 6.10 pm group CN6

5.00- 6.30 pm group CN1

6.15- 7.45 pm group CN10

on Thursday:

2.15- 3.45 pm groups CN7, CN8

4.00- 5.30 pm groups CN4

4.45- 6.15 pm groups CN3

on Friday:

10.00-11.30 am group CN5

1.00-2.30 pm group CN9

The first classes will be given on Monday the 3rd  of October
We informed that Students, being in the Dissection Room’s, are obliged to wear a white doctors coat, a mask for the face and nose and protective gloves.

Marek Syrycki MD PhD Professor MWU

Subject Coordinator                                                Wrocław 24.09.2022



(the examinations set consist of 4 question - one from each group)

The group 1
1. The vertebral column - general features.
2. General vertebral characteristics.
3. The ribs and sternum.
4. Skeleton of the free upper limb
5. Skeleton of the shoulder girdle.
6. The bones of hand /generally/
7. Skeleton of the free lower limb.
8. Bones of the foot /generally/
9. Skeleton of the pelvic girdle.
10. Classification of joints.
11. The joints of the vertebral column and thorax.
12. Joints of the shoulder girdle.
13. Joints of free upper limb - shoulder joint.
14. Joints of free upper limb - elbow joint.
15. Joints of free upper limb - wrist joint, joints of the hand.
16. Joints of the free lower limb - the hip joint.
17. Joints of the free lower limb - the knee joint.
18. Joints of the free lower limb - the ankle joint.
19. Joints of the pelvic girdle.
20. Anterior and basal view of the skull.
21. Lateral and posterior views of the skull.
22. Roof of the skull.
23. Base of the skull - anterior cranial fossa.
24. Base of the skull - middle cranial fossa.
25. Base of the skull - posterior cranial fossa.
26. The joints of the skull.
27. Facial muscles - classification and innervation.
28. The muscles of mastication.
29. Superficial and deep muscles of the neck.
30. Triangles of the neck.
31. Muscles of the thoracic wall /superficial and deep/.
32. Muscles of the upper limb - arm.
33. Muscles of the upper limb - forearm
34. The muscles of the gluteal region.
35. Superficial back muscles.
36. The rectus abdominis and its sheath.
37. The obliques and transverse abdominal muscles.
38. The muscles of the lower limb - thigh.
39. The muscles of the lower limb - leg (calf)
40. The diaphragm.
41. The muscles of the posterior abdominal wall.

The group 2
42. The facial artery
43. The maxillary artery
44. The external carotid artery.
45. The subclavian artery.
46. The fetal circulation.
47. Blood supply of the brain (arteries, veins and venous dural sinuses).
48. Arterial circle of Willis
49. The thoracic duct and mediastinal lymph nodes
50. The humeral artery.
51. The axillary artery.
52. The radial artery.
53. The ulnar artery.
54. The palmar arterial arches.
55. The brachiocephalic vein.
56. The internal jugular vein.
57. The external iliac artery.
58. The femoral artery.
59. The saphenous vein.
60. The anterior and posterior tibial arteries.
61. The thoracic aorta.
62. The azygos venous system.
63. Blood supply of the heart.
64. The superior and inferior caval veins.
66. The abdominal aorta and its branches.
67. The portal vein.
68. The internal iliac artery.
69. The position of the heart.
70. The heart (external and internal anatomy).
71. The innervation and conducting system of the heart.
72. The coronary vessels.
73. The cardiac veins.
74. The pericardial sac.

The group 3
75. The inguinal canal.
76. The urogenital diaphragm.
77. The perineal muscles and fascias.
78. The kidneys.
79. The ureters and urinary bladder.
80. The female and male urethra.
81. The male internal genitalia
82. The male external genitalia.
83. The female internal genital organs
84. The female external genital organs.
85. Oral vestibule, proper oral cavity.
86. The pharyngeal lymphoid ring (Waldeyer` lymphoid ring)
87. The teeth.
88. The tongue - (structure, vasculature, sensorial and motorial innervation).
89. The soft palate.
90. Salivary glands
91. Nose, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses.
92. Pharynx
93. The thyroid and parathyroid glands.
94. The larynx - laryngeal cartilages, ligaments, muscles, cavity.
95. The glottis.
96. The mediastinum - its subdivision and contents.
97. The lungs (external and internal anatomy).
98. The pleural cavity and its recesses.
99. The trachea and principal and lobar bronchi.
100. The esophagus.
101. The peritoneum and the peritoneal cavity.
102. The lesser sac (omental bursa).
103. The stomach and duodenum.
104. The small and large intestine.
105. The pancreas.
106. The spleen.
107. The liver
108. The gallbladder and biliary ducts.

The group 4
109.The olfactory nerve (CN I) and olfactory tract.
110. The cranial nerves: III (oculomotor) and IV (trochlear).
111. Trigeminal nerve /V/ - (structure, the branches, the places of entering on the face).
112. Facial nerve /VII/.
113. Glossopharyngeal nerve /IX/.
114. Vagus nerve (X).
115. Accessory nerve /XI/.
116. Hypoglossal nerve /XII/.
117. Cervical plexus / nerve point of neck/.
118. The brachial plexus /structure, position, branches/.
119. Radial nerve.
120. Ulnar nerve.
121. Median nerve.
122. The cutaneous nerves of the upper limb.
123. The sciatic nerve.
124. The cutaneous nerves of the lower limb.
125. The lumbar plexus.
126. The sacral plexus.
127. The tibial nerve
128. The fibular nerves.
129. The femoral nerve.
130. The pudendal nerve.
131. The visual pathway
132. The eyeball
133. The accessory visual structures
134. The external ear
135. The middle ear
136. The internal ear
137. The cerebral cortex.
138. The division of the cerebral hemispheres on the lobes and gyri.
139. The lateral ventricles of the brain.
140. The cerebral commissures
141. The basal ganglia.
142. The third cerebral ventricle.
143. The diencephalon- internal and external structure
144. The cerebral aqueduct.
145. The mesencephalon: external and internal structure
146. The nuclei of the cranial nerves: V, VI, VII.
147. The cerebellum: external and internal structure.
148. The pons - external and internal structure
149. The medulla oblongata: internal and external structure.
150. The fourth ventricle.
151. The spinal cord: external and internal morphology.
152. The most important functional areas of the cerebral cortex.
153. The limbic system
154. The pyramidal system.
155. The extrapyramidal motor system
156. The reticular formation.
157. The autonomic nervous system - parasympathetic part
158. The autonomic nervous system - sympathetic part
159. The tracts of the CNS.
160. The white matter of the cerebral hemispheres.
161. The internal capsule
162. The ascending and descending spinal tracts
163. The auditory pathway
164. The meninges of the spinal cord.
165. The meninges of the brain.
166. Circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
167. The nuclei of the cranial nerves: VIII, IX, X, XI, XII.